Physical Geography Solved Questions
1.Two seas or water-bodies connected by a narrow stretch of water is known as a (a) Bay (b) Strait (c) Peninsula (d) Isthmus
Ans: (b) Strait.
- A place where there is constant intermingling of salt water and fresh water is (a) Estuary (b) Delta (c) Gulf (d) Bay.
- Which one of the following represents the lines joining the places of equal rainfall? (a) Isohypses (b) Isohalines (c) Isobars (d) Isohyets.
Ans: (d) Isohyets.
- Which one of the following planets has no moon? (a) Mars (b) Neptune (c) Mercury (d) Pluto.
Ans: (c) Mercury.
- Which is the hottest planet of the solar system ? (a) Venus (b) Mars (c) Earth (d) Saturn.
Ans: (a) Venus.
- Which of the following does not belong to the solar system? (a) Asteroids (b) Comets (c) Planets (d) Nebulae.
Ans: (d) Nebulae.
- The outermost layer of the Sun is called (a) Chromosphere (b) Photosphere (c) Corona (d) Lithosphere.
Ans: (c) Corona.
- Pulsars are (a) stars moving towards the Earth (b) stars moving away from Earth (c) rapidly spinning stars (d) high temperature stars.
Ans: (c) rapidly spinning stars.
- What is the percentage coverage of Tropical Forest on earth’s landmass? (a) 7 (b) 12 (c) 17 (d) 25.
Ans: (a) 7
- The land of maximum biodiversity is (a) Tropical (b)Temperate (c) Monsoonal (d) Equatorial.
Ans: (a) Tropical.
- In sea, plants are restricted up to the depth of (a) 20 m (b) 200 m (c) 1000 m (d) 2000 m.
Ans: (b) 200 m.
- The ‘Pacific Ring of Fire’ is associated with (a) oil well fires (b) thermal power station (c) volcanoes and earthquakes (d) forest fires.
Ans: (c) volcanoes and earthquakes.
- Humus is a type of (a) fossil seen on the rocks (b) decaying organic matters in soil (c) Fertilizers applied in soil (d) special growth found in plants.
Ans: (b) decaying organic matters in soil.
- Which one of the following is called as “Roaring Forty”? (a) Winds blowing in southern hemisphere between 40°-60°S (b) Winds blowing in northern hemisphere between 40°- 60° N (c) Very cold winds which blow in winters (d) Very hot and fast blowing summer winds.
Ans: (a) Winds blowing in southern hemisphere between 40°-60°S
- Sea water is saltier than rain water because (a) rivers wash away salts from earth and pour them into the sea (b) sea beds have salt producing mines (c) sea animals are salt producing. (d) the air around the sea is Salish.
Ans: (a) rivers wash away salts from earth and pour them into the sea.
- The art and science of map making is called (a) Remote Sensing (b) Cartography (c) Photo grammetry (d) Mapping.
Ans: (b) Cartography.
- All the ecosystems taken together in a geographical area form a bigger unit called: (a) biosphere (b) territory (c) biome (d) community.
Ans: (c) biome
- Who coined the word ‘Geography’? (a) Ptolemy (b) Eratosthenese (c) Hacataus (d) Herodatus.
Ans: (b) Eratosthenese.
- When the earth is at the maximum distance from the Sun, it is called (a) Aphelion (b) Perihelion (c) Equinox (d) Sidereal.
Ans: (a) Aphelion.
- El Nino occurs over (a) Atlantic Ocean (b) Indian Ocean (c) Pacific Ocean (d) Mediterranean Sea.
Ans: (c) Pacific Ocean.
- The planet revolving east to west is (a) Venus (b) Earth (c) Neptune (d) Pluto
Ans: (a) Venus.
- Evergreen rain forest is mainly found in regions having well distributed annual rainfall (a) Below 50 cm (b) 50-100 cm (c) 100-200 cm (d) More than 200 cm.
Ans: (d) More than 200 cm.
- Isohels are the isopleths of (a) sunshine (b) flowering time (c) rain (d) clouds.
Ans: (a) sunshine.
- The planet emitting green light is (a) Jupiter (b) Venus (c) Uranus (d) Neptune.
Ans: (c) Uranus.
- Westerlies are A. Cold winds B. Warm wind-streams C. Hot winds blowing D. Rain-bearing winds from the west.
Ans: D. Rain-bearing winds from the west.
- A sextant is a scientific instrument for measuring A. Rainfall B. Altitude of the sun and other inaccessible heavenly bodies C. Curvature of earth’s surface D. None of these.
Ans: C. Curvature of earth’s surface.
- A narrow strip of land, connecting two large areas of land is called A. A Peninsula B. An Isthmus C. A Strait D. An Archipelago.
Ans: B. An Isthmus.
- Which type of lake is formed by volcanic activities? (a) Caldera lake (b) Karst lake (c) Lagoon (d) Fresh water lake.
Ans: (a) Caldera lake.
- The planet that takes 88 days to make one revolution of the sun is : (a) Mercury (b) Saturn (c) Jupiter (d) Mars.
Ans: (a) Mercury.
- Typhoons are common in the (a) Arctic Ocean (b) Seas of China and Japan (c) Mexican Gulf (d) Indian Ocean.
Ans: (b) Seas of China and Japan.
- Which planet in our solar system is nearly as big as the earth ? (a) Mercury (b) Mars (c) Venus (d) Pluto.
Ans: (c) Venus.
- The well through which water comes out through hydraulic pressure is called (a) Ordinary well (b) Tube well (c) Deep tube well (d) Artesian well.
Ans: (d) Artesian well.
- Which one of the four regions above the earth has smallest height (km.)? (a) Stratosphere (b) Mesosphere (c) Thermosphere (d) Troposphere.
Ans: (d) Troposphere.
- Tundras are (a) Deciduous forests (b) Tropical rain forests (c) Cold deserts (d) Hot deserts.
Ans: (c) Cold deserts.
- Which of the following phenomena is supposedly associated with global warming? (a) Southern Oscillations (b) El Nino (c) La Nino (d) El Nino Modoki.
Ans: (d) El Nino Modoki.
- ‘Super nova’ is (a) a comet (b) an asteroid (c) an exploding Star (d) a black hole.
Ans: (c) an exploding Star.
- An extensive inlet penetrating far into the land (a large, deep bay), is known as A. A Gulf B. An Island C. A Peninsula D. None of these.
Ans:( A) A Gulf.
- The natural gaps across the mountains which provide routes are called (a) Peaks (b) Dunes (c) Plateaus (d) Passes.
Abs: (d) Passes.
- Which of the following exhibits unidirectional flow in an ecosystem? (a) Light (b) Energy (c) Water (d) Biomass.
Ans: (b) Energy.
- Global warming is expected to result in (a) Increase in level of sea (b) Change in crop pattern (c) Change in coastline (d) All of the above.
Ans: (d) All of the above.
- The mass of Jupiter is approximately (a) one tenth of the solar mass (b) one thousandth of the solar mass (c) one hundredth of the solar mass (d) half the solar mass.
Ans: (b) one thousandth of the solar mass.
- Moraines are debris deposited by A. Rivers B. Sea-waves C. Winds D. Glaciers.
Ans: D. Glaciers.
- The imaginary lines joining places of same height at equal intervals are (a) Hachures (b) Contours (c) Spot-heights (d) Isomers.
Ans: (b) Contours.
- The Equator, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn run through the continent of A. Africa B. Australia C. South America D. North America.
Ans: A. Africa.
- A natural region has the similarity of (a) climate and natural vegetation (b) climate and occupation (c) soil and drainage (d) economic base and recess.
Ans: (a) climate and natural vegetation.
- Mariana Trench is found in (a) Atlantic Ocean (b) Pacific Ocean (c) Indian Ocean (d) Arctic Ocean.
Ans: (b) Pacific Ocean.
- The coastal part of water bodies of the oceans which is structurally part of the mainland of the continents is called (a) isthumus (b) oceanic ridge (c) continental shelf (d) continental slope
Ans: (c) continental shelf.
- Which one of the following organizations is responsible for publishing topographical sheets? (a) Geological Survey of India (G.S.I.) (b) National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organization (NA T.M.O.) (c) Indian Meteorological Department (I.M.D.) (d) Survey of India (S.O.I.).
Ans: (d) Survey of India (S.O.I.).
- Which one of the following is an igneous rock ? (a) Sandstone (b) Shale (c) Quartzite (d) Granite.
Ans: (d) Granite.
- What is the epi centre of an Earthquake? (a) The point at which earthquake originates (b) The point which is prone to volcanoes (c) The point from which the intensity of seismic waves declines (d) The point on the earth’s surface vertically above the seismic focus.
Ans: (d) The point on the earth’s surface vertically above the seismic focus.