“For, each man can do best and excel in only that thing of which he is passionately fond, in which he believes, as I do, that he has the ability to do it, that he is in fact born and destined to do it.” – Homi J Bhabha
India is a developing country with a long and rich history of brilliant people and scientists whose contributions to science and technology have been well recognized worldwide. Some Indian scientists have transformed the world with their ideas and made history by setting creative norms. But, does anyone ever sit to think about those extraordinary brains who made our lives easier?
Here is a list of the top Indian scientists who have earned international acclaim:
Har Gobind Khorana:
Biochemist, who won the Nobel Prize in 1968 for demonstrating how the nucleotides in nucleic acids control the synthesis of proteins.
Mathematician; famous for his outstanding contributions to algebraic geometry.
Astrophysicist who developed the Saha equation, which explains chemical and physical conditions in stars.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar: Astrophysicist won the
Nobel Prize in 1983 for his research on the evolutionary stages of massive stars.
Raj Reddy :A.M. Turing Award-winning computer scientist, best known for his work related to large scale artificial
Birbal Sahni :Paleobotanist known for his research on the fossils of the Indian subcontinent.
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis : Statistician and physicist who founded the Indian Statistical Institute.
Aryabhatta :He was a great mathematician and an astronomer. His contributions include his theories on the movement of Earth around the Sun, determination of various physical parameters of various celestial bodies, such as the diameter of the Earth and the Moon. He laid the foundations of algebra and pointed out the importance of zero. The first Indian satellite was named after him.
Prafulla Chandra Ray :Famous academician and chemist, known for being the founder of Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals, India’s first pharmaceutical company.
Salim Ali:Naturalist who helped develop Ornithology, also known as the “birdman of India”.
Srinivasa Ramanujan:Mathematician, known for his brilliant contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series and continued fractions.
C.V. Raman:Physicist, who won Nobel Prize in 1930 for his Raman Effect. His study of crystal structure is of unique
importance. He founded the Raman Research Institute at Bangalore.
Homi Jehangir Bhabha :Theoretical physicist; best known as the chief architect of the Indian atomic energy program.
Jagadish Chandra Bose :Physicist, biologist and archaeologist who pioneered the investigation of radio and microwave optics.
Satyendra Nath Bose :Mathematician and physicist; best known for his collaboration with Albert Einstein in formulating a theory related to the gaslike qualities of electromagnetic radiation.
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam:Known for his crucial role in the development of India’s missile and nuclear weapons programs.Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was also called the “Missile Man of India” for his work on AGNI and PRITHVI.
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Vikram Sarabhai : Padam Bhushan Awarded a renowned Scientist of our country Vikram Sarabhai was famous as the father of the Indian Space program. He established the great ISRO organization in the country.
Yellapragada Subba Rao : famous biochemist called Dr Yellapragada Subba Rao, who has been credited with the discovery of a number of life saving antibiotics. An anti cancer drug manufactured by him many decades ago continues to be used globally for treating the deadly disease.
Dr Raja Ramanna :was an outstanding physicist and nuclear scientist, who had worked in close co ordination with Dr Homi Bhabha. He was a multi faceted personality, who was also a scholar, musician and philosophy researcher.
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M Visvesvaraya:One of the greatest scientists and engineers of India was M Visvesvaraya, who has played a key role in the building of Krishnarajasagar Dam and introduced the technology of steel doors to prevent wastage of water in dams. His contribution in the field of architecture of modern India fetched him the Bharat Ratna in 1918.
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