Geography Of India |UPSC, PSC, WBCS |rlearn education

Indian Geography Solved Questions | PART NUMBER —1

1.The year _____ is called a Great Divide in the demographic history of India.
A. 1901
B. 1921
C. 1941
D. 1951
Answer: Option B
Explanation :The year 1921 is considered to be the defining year. As population growth was scarce before that time, it is also known as the year of the Great Divide. The population growth of India after 1921 was steady.
It is known as the demographic divide since the population was not constant until this year, often increased and at other times decreased. The population growth scale was generally low prior to 1921. But after this year the population grew dramatically and slowly.
The net population growth between 1901 and 1911 was 5.9 per cent and there was a decline of 0.39 per cent between 1911 and 1921. The rise was 11.1 per cent during the 1921-1931 decade, 14.00 per cent from 1931 to 1941, and 13.5 per cent from 1941-1951. After that, it shows an increasing trend. The year 1921 is thus rightly referred to as the demographic divide or the year of the great divide.

2. The zonal soil type of peninsular India belongs to
A. red soils
B. yellow soils
C. black soils
D. older alluvium
Answer: Option A
Explanation :Zonal Soil – These soils occur in broad geographical areas or zones. They are influenced more by the climate and vegetation of the area rather than the rock-type. They are mature, as a result of stable conditions over a long period of time. For example – red soils, black soils, laterite soils, desert soils etc.
The zonal soil type of peninsular India belongs to red soils.

3. Three important rivers of the Indian subcontinent have their sources near the Mansarover Lake in the Great Himalayas. These rivers are—-
A. Indus, Jhelum and Sutlej
B. Brahmaputra, Sutlej and Yamuna
C. Brahmaputra, Indus and Sutlej
D. Jhelum, Sutlej and Yamuna
Answer: Option C.
Explanation : Three important rivers of the Indian subcontinent have their sources near the Mansarovar Lake in the Great Himalayas. These rivers are Brahmaputra, Indus and Sutlej.

4. The only state in India that produces saffron is—
A. Assam
B. Himachal Pradesh
C. Jammu and Kashmir
D. Meghalaya
Answer: Option C
Explanation :Saffron is a legendary crop of Jammu and Kashmir produced on well drained karewa soils of Kashmir and Kishtwar where ideal climatic conditions are available for good growth and flower production.

5. The only private sector refinery set up by Reliance Petroleum Ltd. is located at
A. Guwahati
B. Jamnagar
C. Mumbai
D. Chennai
Answer: Option B
Explanation : The Jamnagar Refinery is a private sector crude oil refinery owned by Reliance Industries Limited in Jamnagar, Gujarat, India. The refinery was commissioned on 14 July 1999 with an installed capacity of 668,000 barrels per day (106,200 m3/d). It is currently the largest refinery in the world.

6. Black soil is favourable for cultivation of-
A. Cotton
B. Coffee
C. Rice
D. Tea
Answer: Option A
Explanation:Black soils are poor in nitrogen, phosphorus and organic matter. The soils are generally rich in the montmorillonitic and beidellitic group of clay minerals. It is most suitable for the growth of cotton. It is also known or cotton soil as a reason.

7. The largest producer of Sugar in India is
A. Bihar
B. Karnataka
C. Maharashtra
D. Uttar Pradesh
Answer: Option D
Explanation :Uttar Pradesh (UP) will be the largest producer of sugar in India; followed by Maharashtra, which is expected to trail marginally behind UP. Also, sugar production in Karnataka will recover to its near normal levels (five-year average).

8. The Sahyadri is another name of—
A. Western Ghat
B. Vindhya Range
C. Shivalik Range
D. Eastern Ghat
Answer: Option A
Explanation :Western Ghats also known as Sahyadri (Benevolent Mountains) is a mountain range that covers an area of 140,000 km² in a stretch of 1,600 km parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, traverse the States of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat.

9. Which of the following pairs is correct?
A. Maharashtra – Paradeep
B. Tamil Nadu – Mangalore
C. Gujarat – Kandla
D. Karnataka – Tuticorin
Answer: Option C
Explanation :Deendayal Port Trust, located in town of Kandla, is a seaport and town in Kutch district of Gujarat state in Western India, near the city of Gandhidham. Located on the Gulf of Kutch, it is one of major ports on the west coast. 

10. Which of the following rivers makes an estuary?
A. Krishna
B. Kaveri
C. Ganga
D. Narmada
Answer: Option D
Explanation:The Narmada, Periyar and Tapti are the only long rivers, which flow west and make estuaries. An Estuary is a partly enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. Only West following rivers of India forms Estuary.

Geography Of India Mcq Questions

11. Which State has the largest reserves of Lignite Coal?
A. Gujarat
B. Kerala
C. Rajasthan
D. Tamil Nadu
Answer: Option D
Explanation :The largest lignite reserve in India is located at Neyveli in Tamil Nadu. At places, these coal seams are more than 15 metres thick. This coal has more than 35% carbon content. Neyveli Lignite Corporation has been set up for multipurpose use of this coal, after enrichment of its carbon content.

12. The source of Kaveri River lies in –
A. Sahyadri
B. Brahmagiri hills
C. Gavaligarh
D. Amarkantak
Answer: Option B
Explanation :River Kaveri originates in the Brahmagiri hills in Kodagu, in a place called Talakaveri (head of Kaveri). It starts its journey from the small pond called as Kundike pond, later the two tributaries known as Kanake and Sujyoti joins it. All these three rivers meets at the point called Bhagamandala.

13. Gold is mined in:
A. Karnatka
B. Maharastra
C. Orissa
D. Uttar Pradesh
Answer: Option A
Explanation :The main minerals found in Karnataka are listed below: Gold: The Kolar Gold Fields in Kolar used to be one of the major producers of gold in India, before it shut down. Presently the gold mines of Hutti and Raichur produce almost 84% of the country’s gold.

14. The river Godavari is often referred to as Vridha Ganga because
A. it is the older river of India
B. of its large size and extent among the peninsular rivers
C. there are a fairly large number of pilgrimage centres situated on its banks
D. its length is nearly the same as that of the river Ganges
Answer: Option B
Explanation :The river Godavari is often referred to as Vridha Ganga because of its large size and extent among the peninsular rivers.

15. The scarcity or crop failure of which of the following can cause a serious edible oil crisis in India?
A. coconut
B. Groundnut
C. Linseed
D. Mustard
Answer: Option B
Explanation :The scarcity or crop failure of Groundnut can cause a serious edible oil crisis in India. The peanut, also known as the groundnut, goober, or monkey nut, and taxonomically classified as Arachis hypogaea, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds. It is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics, being important to both small and large commercial producers.

16. The pennines (Europe), Appalachians (America) and the Aravallis (India) are examples of—
A. old mountains
B. young mountains
C. fold mountains
D. block mountains
Answer: Option A
Explanation :The pennines (Europe), Appalachians (America) and the Aravallis (India) are examples of old mountains.

17. Which of the following factors are responsible for present crisis in the jute industry in India?
I. The decline in overseas market
II. Inadequately supply of raw jute
III. Stiff competition from synthetic packing materials
A. I and II
B. I, II and III
C. I and III
D. II and III
Answer: Option A
Explanation :Factors that are responsible for present crisis in the jute industry in India are The decline in overseas market and Inadequately supply of raw jute.

18. Which country has the largest coastline?
B. Australia
C. Canada
D. India
Answer: Option C
Explanation :The total length of the coastline of the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands and Andaman & Nicobar Islands is 7,516.6 km. The Indian peninsula is separated from mainland Asia by the Himalayas. The Country is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Indian Ocean to the south.
Canada (202,080 km) has the longest total coastlines in the world, and these hold great cultural, military, and economic importance for each of them.

19. When it is noon IST at Allahabad in India, the time at Greenwich, London, will be——
A. midnight, GMT
B. 1730 hours
C. 0630 hours
D. None of the above
Answer: Option C
Explanation :When it is 12:00 pm in Allahabad, there will 0630 hrs in London as it is 5 hrs 30 minutes behind IST.

20.Which of the following is the most important raw material for generation of power in India?
A. Coal
B. Mineral Oil
C. Natural Gas
D. Uranium
Answer: Option A
Explanation :Coal is one of the most important sources of energy and is being used for various proposes such as heating of housed, as fuel for boilers and steam engines and for generation of electricity by thermal plants. Coal is found in abundance in our country and it is the most important source of energy in our country.

One thought on “Geography Of India |UPSC, PSC, WBCS |rlearn education”

Comments are closed.