History Mcq Questions |Struggle For Independence Of India |rlearn


Part Number – – – – – 6

1. Which of the following was the main part of Aurobindo’s programme to achieve independence?

A. Organisation of secret societies

B. Passive resistance

C. Constitutional agitation

D. Terrorism

Answer: Option B

Explanation : Aurobindo Ghosh (1872-1950) who used the theory of Passive Resistance as a technique for social change during the period of India’s national liberation movement.

2. Which of the following leader was not moderate?

A. Dada Bhai Naoroji

B. Anand Charlu

C. Bipin Chandra Pal

D. Madan Mohan Malviya

Answer: Option C

Explanation :Bipin Chandra Pal (7 November 1858 – 20 May 1932) was an Indian nationalist, a freedom fighter, writer, orator and social reformer of Sylheti origin. He was one of the main architects of the Swadeshi movement. He stood against the partition of West Bengal. He was not moderate.

3. Which of the following statements is not correct with reference to the Indian Freedom Struggle?

A. The Rowlatt Act aroused a wave popular indignation and led to the JalianwallaBagh Massacre

B. Subhash Chandra Bose formed the Forward Bloc.

C. Bhagat Singh was one of the founders of Hindustan Republican Socialist Association

D. In 1931, the Congress Session at Karachi opposed Gandhi-Irwin Pact

Answer: Option D

Explanation :The Gandhi Irwin Pact was endorsed by the Congress in the Karachi Session of 1931, that was held from March 26-31. Gandhi was nominated to represent Congress in the Second Round Table Conference. So, there was anger in the public whose point was that why Gandhi did accept to sign the pact.

4. Which of the following statements about Mahatma Gandhi’s views on Satyagraha is not correct?

A. It denotes assertion of the power of the human soul against social, political and economic dominance

B. It is the exercise of the purest soul force against all injustice, oppression and exploitation

C. It is the best weapon of the weak against the strong

D. Mahatma Gandhi’s theory of Satayagraha was based on the acceptance of the concept of self-suffering

Answer: Option C

Explanation :It is the best weapon of the weak against the strong is the statement about Mahatma Gandhi’s views on Satyagraha is not correct.

5. For how many days did Mahatma Gandhi’s volunteers of the Salt satyagraha walk?

A. 24

B. 36

C. 12

D. 6

Answer: Option A

Explanation :Gandhi walked 24 days (12th March – 5th April, 1936) with 78 volunteers in salt Satygraha from Sabarmati to Dandi.

  1. Which of the following is not true about Bal Gangadhar Tilak?

A. He wrote ‘Gita Rahasya’

B. He started Ganpati Festval in 1893

C. He launched a newspaper ‘Kesari’ in English

D. He started home rule league in 1916

Answer: Option C

Explanation :More than education, it was journalism that became Tilak’s way to reach out to people. In 1881 he launched two newspapers—the Kesari ( Lion) in Marathi and the Mahratta in English.

7. Satyagraha Sabha was formed by Gandhi at————

A. Bombay

B. Calcutta

C. Gujarat

D. Poona

Answer: Option A

Explanation :Gandhi did not believe that the existing institutions could handle such a noble weapon. So a separate institution named Satyagraha Sabha was formed, its headquarters were in Bombay.

8. Satyagraha finds expression in——

A. Sudden outbursts of violence

B. Armed conflicts

C. Non-Cooperation

D. Communal riots

Answer: Option C

Explanation :Satyagraha expressed in Non-cooperation, Non-Violence was the basic features of this Satyagraha. For Gandhi, satyagraha went far beyond mere “passive resistance” and became strength in practising non-violent methods. In his words: Truth (satya) implies love, and firmness (agraha) engenders and therefore serves as a synonym for force.

9. Who founded the organization “servants of Indian society”?

A. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

B. Mahatma Gandhi

C. Dayanand Saraswati

D. Gopal Krishna Gokhle

Answer: Option D

Explanation:Gopal Krishan Gokhale founded the “Servants of Indian Society” in Pune Maharastra.

10. Who said that the congress is tottering to its fall, and one of my great ambitions, while in India, is to assist it to a peaceful demise?

A. Lord Curzon

B. Lord Dufferin

C. Lord Minto

D. None of these

Answer: Option A

Explanation :Lord Curzon believed “that the Congress is tottering to its fall, and one of my greatest ambitions while in India is to assist it to a peaceful demise.”

11. According to Gandhiji, which of the following are the major means of Satyagraha ?

I. non-cooperation

II. Strike,

III. Demonstration

IV. Civil disobedience

A. I and II are correct

B. I and IV are correct

C. II and IV are correct

D. III and IV are correct

Answer: Option B

Explanation :satyagraha, concept introduced in the early 20th century by Mahatma Gandhi to designate a determined but nonviolent resistance to evil.

12. Who introduced the Ryotwari System in India?

A. Munro and Charles Reed

B. Lord Cornwallis

C. John shore

D. None of these

Answer: Option A

Explanation :Ryotwari System was introduced by Thomas Munro in 1820. Major areas of introduction include Madras, Bombay, parts of Assam and Coorgh provinces of British India. In Ryotwari System the ownership rights were handed over to the peasants. British Government collected taxes directly from the peasants.

13. Who has written the book “Tuzuk-i- jahangiri”?

A. Abul fazl

B. Jahangir

C. Mulla daud

D. Abdul haq

Answer: Option B

Explanation :Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri is the autobiographical account of the Mughal Emperor jahangir (1605-1627 AD). It is variously called Tarikh-i-Salimahi, Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri, Karnama-i- Jahangiri, Waqiat-i-Jahangiri and Jahangirnamah etc. Jahangir himself wrote this book.

14. When was the Augustmovement pulled back?

A. 1947

B. 1942

C. 1943

D. 1945

Answer: Option B

Explanation :On August 8, 1942 Mahatma Gandhi and the All-India Congress Committee (AICC) launched the Quit India Movement or Bharat Chodo Andolan at the Bombay session. As the Quit India Movement was launched in August, it is also known as August Movement or August Kranti.

15. Which of the following is not true about the Muslim League?

A. It was established by the Nawab Salimullah

B. It was established in Calcutta in 1906

C. The league supported the partition on Bengal

D. The league opposed the Swadeshi movement

Answer: Option B

Explanation :Founded in In 30 December 1906, the All-India Muslim League was founded at Dhaka. Founders: Khwaja Salimullah, Vikar-ul-Mulk, Syed Amir Ali, Syed Nabiullah. The All-India Muslim League (popularised as Muslim League) was a political party established during the early years of the 20th century in the British Indian Empire. Its strong advocacy for the establishment of a separate Muslim-majority nation-state, Pakistan, successfully led to the partition of British India in 1947 by the British Empire.

  1. Champaran Satyagraha was led by __________

A. Amaresh Chakravarty

B. Pulinbehari Sarkar

C. Gandhi

D. Patel

Answer: Option C

Explanation :The Champaran Satyagraha of 1917 was the first Satyagraha movement inspired by Gandhi and a major revolt in the Indian Independence Movement. It was a farmer’s uprising that took place in Champaran district of Bihar, India during the British colonial period. The farmers were protesting against to grow opium with barely any payment for it.

  1. The Home Rule Society, popularly called ‘India House’ , had been established in London to promote the cause of Indian independence, by

A. Lala Hardayal

B. Madan Lal Dhingra

C. Shyamji Krishna Varma

D. V D Savarkar

Answer: Option C

Explanation :The society was foundations of the India House and, along with Krishna Varma’s journal The Indian Sociologist, was the foundation of the militant Indian nationalist movement in Britain.

  1. After the Bardoli Satyagraha, the title of ‘Sardar’ to Vallabhbhai Patel was given by————

A. Jawaharlal Nehru

B. Motilal Nehru

C. Mahatma Gandhi

D. Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad

Answer: Option C

Explanation :Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was respectfully called Sardar by his colleagues and followers during the satyagraha against steep tax hikes in a famine hit Bardoli in 1928. He had led the Satyagraha when Gandhiji was imprisoned, at the request of the congress members. Sardar Patel was freed in 1931, following the Gandhi-Irwin Pact.

19. Where did Mahatma Gandhi first apply his technique of Satyagraha?

A. Dandi

B. Noakhali

C. England

D. South Africa

Answer: Option D

Explanation : Mahatma Gandhi first conceived satyagraha in 1906 in response to a law discriminating against Asians that was passed by the British colonial government of the Transvaal in South Africa. In 1917 the first satyagraha campaign in India was mounted in the indigo-growing district of Champaran.

20. When was congress split?

A. At Surat session in 1907

B. At Benares session in 1905

C. At Madras in1908

D. At Lahore in1909

Answer: Option A

Explanation :The Indian National Congress(INC) which was established in 1885 was divided into two groups(in the year 1907) mainly by extremists and moderates at the Surat Session of the Congress.The period 1885-1905 was known as the period of the moderates as moderates dominated the Indian National Congress.