History Mcq | Struggle For Independence Of India |rlearn

Struggle For Independence Of India

Part Number – – – – – – – 7

1. Mahatma Gandhi was first arrested, during ‘Satyagrah‘ in the year–

A. 1906

B. 1908

C. 1913

D. 1917

Answer: Option BExplanations :On 10 January 1908 Mahatma Gandhi was arrested for the first time in South Africa for refusing to carry an obligatory identity document card commonly known as the ‘pass’. Gandhi was released in February after negotiations with the government.

2. When Mahatma Gandhi was arrested who among the following took over the leadership of Salt Satyagraha ?

A. Vinoba Bhave

B. Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel

C. Abbas Tayyabji

D. Maulana Abdul Kalarn Azad

Answer: Option C

Explanation :Mahatma Gandhi appointed Tyabji, at age seventy-six, to replace him as leader of the Salt Satyagraha in May 1930 after Gandhi’s arrest. Tyabji was arrested soon afterward and imprisoned by the British Indian Government. Gandhi and others respectfully called Tyabji the “Grand Old Man of Gujarat”.

3. At midnight on December 31, 1929 who unfurled the tricolor flag on Indian Independence on the banks of the Ravi at Lahore?

A. Mahatma Gandhi

B. Subhas Bose

C. Jawaharlal Nehru

D. Motilal Nehru

Answer: Option C

Explanation :The flag of India was hoisted by Jawaharlal Nehru on 31 December 1929 on the banks of Ravi river, in Lahore, modern-day Pakistan. The Congress asked the people of India to observe 26th of January as Independence Day.

4. When was the first Independence day unofficially celebrated before Independence?

A. On 26th January 1929

B. On 26th January 1931

C. On 26th January 1935

D. On 26th January 1930

Answer: Option D

Explanation :Kanpur had celebrated first independence on Jan 26, 1930. It was 2 am in the morning when the citizens of Kanpur woke up with patriotism and enthusiasm, ready to carry out a peaceful procession to celebrate their first Independence Day in the British Regime.

5. In what session did Congress declared complete Independence (Poorna Swaraj) as its goal?

A. Lahore session held in 1929

B. Madras session held in 1927

C. Ahmadabad session held in 1921

D. Gaya session held in 1922

Answer: Option A

Explanation :The Indian National Congress held its annual session in December 1929. It voted for “purna swaraj” or complete independence as against a dominion status for India and passed a resolution fixing the last Sunday of January 1930 — it was coincidentally January 26 — as Independence Day. Lahore session held in 1929.

6. Which of the following leaders were associated with the Revolt of Khasis in 1820-1832?

A. Tirut Singh and Bar Manik

B. Sambu Singh

C. Sidhu and Kanu

D. Vir Manik

Answer: Option A

Explanation :This tribal movement was led by Tirut Singh and Bar Manik, who fought against British attempts to take over control of the Khasis Hills. In 1832, the war ended when British captured Tirut Singh, as one of chief betrayed him for some pieces of gold. He died on July 17,1835. His death anniversary is commemorated every year as a state holiday in Meghalaya.

7. Mahatma Gandhi in 1919 decided to launch a nation wide satyagraha against the proposed———

A. Simon Commission

B. Rowlatt Act

C. Salt Act

D. Pitt’s India Act

Answer: Option B

Explanation :Mahatma Gandhi decided to launch a nation wide Satyagraha against the Rowlatt Act (Black Law and Blind Law).

8. Champaran, the site of Gandhi’s first experiment in Satyagraha, is located in the state of——–

A. Bihar

B. Kerala

C. Gujarat

D. Punjab

Answer: Option A

Explanation :The Champaran Satyagraha of 1917 was the first Satyagraha movement inspired by Gandhi and a major revolt in the Indian Independence Movement. It was a farmer’s uprising that took place in Champaran district of Bihar, India during the British colonial period.

9. Which Satyagraha was held at Nagpur in 1923?

A. Salt Satyagraha

B. Individual Satyagraha

C. Ryots Satyagraha

D. Flag Satyagraha

Answer: Option D

Explanation :Flag Satyagraha was held at Nagpur in 1923. It was the peaceful civil disobedience that focused on exercising the right and freedom to hoist the nationalist flag.

10.Who led the Bardoli Satyagraha in 1928?

A. Morarji Desai

B. M. K. Gandhi

C. Mahadev Desai

D. Vallabhbhai Patel

Answer: Option D

Explanation :The Bardoli Satyagraha of 1928, in the state of Gujarat, India during the period of the British Raj, was a major episode of civil disobedience and revolt in the Indian Independence Movement. The movement was eventually led by Vallabhbhai Patel, and its success gave rise to Patel becoming one of the main leaders of the independence movement.

11. A resolution declaring Purna Swaraj (complete Independence) as Indian’s political goal was passed in the —————Congress of 1929

A. Shimla

B. Lahore

C. Madras

D. Calcutta

Answer: Option B

Explanation :The Indian National Congress now changed its stance: it gave up demands for dominion status and instead, at its Lahore Session in 1929, passed the ‘Purna Swaraj’ resolution that called for complete independence. The resolution marked the beginning of a large-scale political movement against colonial rule.

12. Who started the English weekly ‘New India’?

A. Lala Lajpat Rai

B. Bipin Chandra Pal

C. Dada Bhai Naoroji

D. Madan Mohan Malviya

Answer: Option B

Explanation :Bipin Chandra Pal started New India(Weekly) and Annie Besant started New India(Daily) started to spread patriotic feelings in the people of India.

13. Where did Gandhiji form the Satyagraha Sabha?

A. Bombay

B. Calcutta

C. Poona

D. Nagpur

Answer: Option A

Explanation :Gandhi did not believe that the existing institutions could handle such a noble weapon. So a separate institution named Satyagraha Sabha was formed, its headquarters were in Bombay.

14. The India Independence Bill was first presented in the House of Commons in London on–——

A. August 10,1947

B. August 1,1947

C. July 14,1947

D. July 4,1947

Answer: Option D

Explanation :The Indian Independence Act, which was based on the Mountbatten plan of June 3, was passed by the British parliament on July 5, 1947 and received royal assent or approval on July 18, 1947.

15. Kheda Satyagraha is related to———

A. Gujarat

B. Calcutta

C. Thana

D. Malabar

Answer: Option A

Explanation :The Kheda Satyagraha of 1918, in the Kheda district of Gujarat, India during the period of the British Raj, was a Satyagraha movement organized by Mohandas Gandhi. It was a major revolt in the Indian independence movement.

16. Champaran and Kheda Satyagrahas were led by—

A. Jawaharlal Nehru

B. M. K. Gandhi

C. Sardar Patel

D. D. G. B. Pant

Answer: Option B

Explanation :The first Satyagraha movements inspired by Mohandas Gandhi occurred in Champaran district of Bihar and the Kheda district of Gujarat on 1917 to 1918. Champaran Satyagraha was the first to be started, but the word Satyagraha was used for the first time in Anti Rowlatt Act agitation.

17.What was the another name of ‘Pledge of Indian Independence’?

A. Declaration of Independence

B. Declaration of Constitution

C. Declaration of Constituent Assembly

D. None of the above

Answer: Option A

Explanation :While the Poorna Swaraj Resolution was drafted by Jawaharlal Lal Nehru, the “Declaration of Independence” pledge was drafted by Mahatma Gandhi in 1930 and it echoed the essence of American Declaration of Independence. After this pledge January 26, 1930 was declared as Independence Day by Indian National Congress.

18. Who had become the first Governor-General of India after independence?

A. Dr. Rajendra Prasad

B. Jawaharlal Nehru

C. Lord Pethick Lawrence

D. Lord Mountbatten

Answer: Option D

Explanation :Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma remained Governor-General of India for some time after independence, but the two nations were otherwise headed by native Governors-General.

19. Which of the following was the prime objective of M.K Gandhi’s Salt Satyagraha?

A. Complete Independence for India

B. Economic relief to the common people

C. Repeal of salt laws

D. Curtailment of the Government’s powers

Answer: Option C

Explanation :When Gandhi broke the salt laws at 6:30 am on 6 April 1930, it sparked large scale acts of civil disobedience against the British Raj salt laws by millions of Indians. The Salt Satyagraha campaign was based upon Gandhi’s principles of non-violent protest called satyagraha, which he loosely translated as “truth-force”.

20. Which of the following leader who presided All India Congress Committee session on 9th August?

A. Jawaharlal Nehru

B. Aruna Asif Ali

C. Mahatma Gandhi

D. Annie Besant

Answer: Option B

Explanation :The government responded by arresting the major leaders and all members of the Congress Working Committee and thus tried to pre-empt the movement from success. Young Aruna Asaf Ali presided over the remainder of the session on 9 August and hoisted the Congress flag at the Gowalia Tank Maidan.

21. Name three important forms of Satyagraha——

A. Non-cooperation, civil disobedience and boycott

B. Boycott, civil disobedience and rebellion

C. Non-cooperation, revolution and referendum

D. Revolution, plebiscite and boycott

Answer: Option A

Explanation :Gandhiji’s overall method of non-violence is called ‘Satyagrah’. Three forms of Satyagraha are: Non-Cooperation, Civil disobedience and boycott.

22. Which of the following provision was not included in the Nehru Report?

A. India must be given Dominion status

B. The Governor General must be only the constitutional head

C. There was to be no separate electorate

D. Diarchy should be introduced both at the centre as well as provinces

Answer: Option D

Explanation :Dyarchy should be introduced both at the centre as well as provinces was not included in the Nehru Report.

23. The famous Quit India Resolution was passed on——

A. August 8, 1942

B. August 28, 1942

C. April 4, 1928

D. April 24, 1928

Answer: Option A

Explanation :The Quit India Movement, or the ‘August Movement’, was a movement launched at the Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 August 1942, during World War II, demanding an end to British Rule of India.

24. The Indian Independence Act was passed in———

A. 18 July 1947

B. 01 August 1947

C. 01 June 1947

D. 01 September 1947

Answer: Option A

Explanation :The Indian Independence Act, which was based on the Mountbatten plan of June 3, was passed by the British parliament on July 5, 1947 and received royal assent or approval on July 18, 1947.

25. The first Satyagraha of Gandhiji for the cause of indigo farmers was observed at———

A. Champaran

B. ChauriChaura

C. Bardoli

D. Sabarmati

Answer: Option A

Explanation :The first Satyagraha of Gandhiji in India was observed at Champaran in 1917. In Champran Tin-Kathiya system was implemented by the Britishers i.e, Compulsory farming of Indigo in 3/20 of the total land.

26. ‘Neel Darpan’ a play depicting the revolt against the Indigo planters was written by——

A. Dinbandhu Mitra

B. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee

C. Rabindranath Tagore

D. Naveen Chandra Sen

Answer: Option A

Explanation :Neel Darpan was a Bengali play written by Dinabandhu Mitra in 1858–1859. The play was essential to Nilbidraha, or Indigo revolt of February–March 1859 in Bengal, when farmers refused to sow indigo in their fields as a protest against exploitative farming under the British Raj.

27.The leader who quit politics, retired to Pondicherry and set up an ashram there, was———

A. Lokmanya TiIak

B. Dadabhai Naoroji

C. Bhikaji Cama

D. Sri Aurobindo Ghose

Answer: Option D

Explanation :Sri Aurobindo (born Aurobindo Ghose; 15 August 1872 – 5 December 1950) was an Indian philosopher, yogi, guru, poet, and nationalist. He quit politics, retired to Pondicherry and set up an ashram there.

28. From where did Acharya Vinoba Bhave start the Individual Satyagraha in 1940?

A. Nadiad in Gujrat

B. Pavnar in Maharashtra

C. Adyar in Tamil Nadu

D. Guntur in Andhra Pradesh

Answer: Option B

Explanation :Acharya Vinobha Bhave Start individual Satyagraha from Pavnar in Maharashtra in 1940. He was the first individual Satyagrahi and Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru was the Second one.

29. Which of the following event compel M.K Gandhi to withdraw the Nation’s cooperation from the British Government?

A. Jallianwala massacre

B. Bhagat singh Hanging

C. Lathi charge

D. All of the above

Answer: Option A

Explanation :Non cooperation movement was led by Mahatma Gandhi after the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and lasted from 1920 to February 1922. It aimed to resist British rule in India through non-violent means, or “Ahimsa”. The non-cooperation movement was launched on 1 August 1920 and withdrawn in February 1922 after the Chauri Chaura incident.

30. The Ahmedabad Satyagraha of Gandhi was directed against———

A. British mill owners and government officials

B. Indian mill owners and non government officials

C. British non-government officials

D. Indian government officials

Answer: Option B

Explanation :Ahmedabad Satyagraha of Gandhi was directed against Indian mill owners and non-government officials.

31. Which of the following committee and act is associated with the Sedition act?

A. Rowlatt Committee

B. Muddiman Committee

C. Butler Committee

D. Both A & B

Answer: Option A

Explanation :Rowlatt Acts, (February 1919), legislation passed by the Imperial Legislative Council, the legislature of British India. The acts allowed certain political cases to be tried without juries and permitted internment of suspects without trial. They were based on the report of Justice S.A.T. Rowlatt’s committee of 1918.

32. Who among the following initiated the Kheda Satyagraha?

A. Mahatma Gandhi

B. Mohanlal Pandya

C. Sardar Patel

D. Vinoba Bhave

Answer: Option B

Explanation :Mohanlal Pandya was an Indian freedom fighter, social reformer and one of the earliest followers of Mahatma Gandhi. Mohanlal Pandya was nicknamed as “Onion Thief” (“Dungli Chor”) by Gandhi because he had harvested onion from the land which was taken away by the British Government. He initiated the Kheda Satyagraha.

33. Champaran Satyagraha was in——

A. Gujarat

B. Bombay

C. Bihar

D. Madras

Answer: Option C

Explanation :The Champaran Satyagraha of 1917 was the first Satyagraha movement inspired by Gandhi and a major revolt in the Indian Independence Movement. It was a farmer’s uprising that took place in Champaran district of Bihar, India during the British colonial period. The farmers were protesting against to grow opium with barely any payment for it.

To be continue —