Borrowed features in the Indian Constitution from other countries|rlearn

India’s constitution is a mixed bag for borrowing. On November 26, 1949, the Constitution was adopted. It came into effect on January 26, 1950. It was on this day that members of the Constituent Assembly signed the papers. Many countries have been inspired by the establishment of the Indian Constitution. See such countries below and the borrowed parts. India’s Constitutional Day is celebrated on November 26 every year.

Borrowed Features Of The Constitution :

                From U. K
✹Nominal Head—President( like Queen).
✹Cabinet System Of Ministers.
✹Post of PM.
✹Parliamentary Type of Govt.
✹Bicameral Parliament.
✹Lower House more powerful.
✹Council of ministers responsible to Lower House.
✹Speaker in the Lok Sabha.
✹Single citizenship

               From U. S
✹Written constitution.
✹Executive head of state known as president and his being the Supreme commander of thevArmed Forces.
✹Vice-president as the ex-officio chairman of Rajya Sabha.
Fundamental Rights.
✹Supreme Court.
✹Provision of states.
Independence of Judiciary and judicial review.
✹Removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges.

               From USSR
✹Fundamental Duties.
Five-Year plan.

              From AUSTRALIA
✹Concurren list.
✹Language of the preamble.
✹Provision regarding trade, commerce and intercourse.

               From JAPAN
✹Law on which the Supreme Court function. [Concept of “procedure established by Law”]

              From GERMANY
Suspension of Fundamental Rights during the emergency.

             From SOUTH AFRICA
✹Procedure of Constitutional Amendments.

             From CANADA
✹Scheme of federation with a strong center.
✹Distribution of powers between Centre and the States and placing. Residuary Power with the Centre.

             From IRELAND
✹Concept of Directive Principles of State Policy. [Ireland borrowed it from SPAIN]
✹Mehod of election of the President.
✹Nomination of members in the Rajya Sabha by the President.

             From FRANCE
✹Concept of  “Republic”
✹  Ideals of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity(contained in the Preamble)


✹It is a preface or the introduction to the Constitution. It is not an integral part of
Constitution. The interpretation of Constitution is based on the spirit of Preamble.
✹The ‘Objective Resolution’, proposed by Pandit Nehru and passed by the Constituent Assembly, ultimately became the Preamble.
✹Idea of preamble borrowed from Constitution of US.
✹The words ‘SOCIALIST”, “SECULAR’ and ‘UNITY’ & ‘INTEGRITY’ were added by the 42nd Amendment in 1976.
✹Preamble is not justiciable.