Attorney General is the highest legal officer of the union government and renders legal assistance to it. He is appointed by the President of India on the advice of the Union Cabinet under Article 76(1) of the Constitution and hold office during the pleasure of the President.
To be eligible for appointment as Attorney General of India, must be a person qualified to be appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court. Hence, he must have been a judge of some high court for five years or an advocate of some high court for ten years, or an eminent jurist in the opinion of the President.
He is entitled to such salary and allowances as may be determined by the President. He is entitled to audience in all courts in the country and can take part in the proceedings of Parliament and its committees. However, he is not given the right to vote.
Functions: He is the chief legal adviser of the Government of India and gives it advice on all such legal matters which may be referred or assigned to him by the President. He also performs such other legal duties as are assigned to him by the President from time to time. The Attorney General appears before the Supreme Court and various High Courts in cases involving the Government of India.He also represent the Government of India in any reference made by the President to the Supreme Court under Article 143 of the Constitution.
The Attorney General is assisted by a Solicitor General and Additional Solicitors General. He is to be consulted only in legal matters of real importance and only after the Ministry of Law has been consulted. All references to the Attorney General are made by the Law Ministry.
The first Attorney General of India was M. C. Setalvad and the present is K. K. Venugopal.
Article 76: Attorney-General of India.
Article 88 : Rights of Attorney-General as respects the Houses of Parliament and its Committee.
Article 105: Powers, privileges, and immunities of Attorney-General.
Some Important Questions :
1. Which article in the Indian Constitution deals with the Attorney General of India?
Ans. Article 76 deals with the office of the Attorney General of India.
2. Who appoints the Attorney General of India?
Ans. The President of India on the advice of the council of ministers.
3. Does the attorney general get paid?
Ans: The remuneration of the Attorney General of India is not fixed by the Constitution. He receives such remuneration as the President may determine.
4. Who is the highest law officer in India? Ans: The Attorney General.
5. Who is the first attorney general of India after independence?
Ans : M. C. Setalvad.
6. Who is the first lady Attorney General of India?
Ans: Cornelia Sorabji.
7. What is the maximum age of Attorney General of India? Ans: There is no age limit for appointment.
8. What is the term period of Attorney General of India?
Ans: Three years.
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