Economic Planning of India

1. In India, planned economy is based on—
(A) Gandhian System
(B) Socialist System
(C) Capitalist Systemn
(D) Mixed Economy System

2. The Gandhian Plan was expounded in 1944 by—
(A) N.R. Sarkar
(B) Kasturi Bhai Lal Bhai
(C) Jai Prakash Narayan
(D) Shriman Narayan Agarwal

3. Khadi and village industry commission was established in-
(A) Third Plan
(B) Fourth Plan
(C) Second Plan
(D) First Plan

4. Which plan among the following declared its objective of self- reliance and zero net foreign aid?
(A) Second Five Year Plan
(B) Third Five Year Plan
(C)Fourth Five Year Plan
(D) Fifth Five Year Plan

5. First Five Year Plan was started in—
(A) 1951-52
(B) 1956-57
(C) 1961-62
(D) 1966-67

6. The Planned Development Model Was adopted in India from—
(A) 1st April, 1951
(B) 15th August, 1947
(C) 26th January, 1950
(D) 1st May, 1965

7. Which of the following Five Year Plans witne ssed the highest growth rate in India?
(A) Eighth Plan
(B) Ninth Plan
(C) Tenth Plan
(D) Eleventh Plan

13. What is the growth rate aimed at in the Eighth Five Year Plan?
(A) 5.6%
(B) 6%
(C) 6.5%
(D) 7%

14. The period of Eleventh Five Year Plan in India, was—
(A) 2005-2010
(B) 2006-2011
(C) 2007-2012
(D) 2008-2013

4. National Planning Committee(1938) was set up by—
(A) Jawahar Lal Nehru
(B) A. Dalal
(C) S. Bose
(D) L.B. Shastri

5. Which was the final authority in India to approve Five Year Plans?
(A) Union Council of Ministers
(B) Planning Commission
(C) Prime Minister
(D) National Development Council.

Economic Planning of India

6. —got the highest priority during the first plan period in India.
(A) Self reliance
(B) Growth with social justice
(C) Development of agriculture including irrigation.
(D) Removed of unemployment.

15. The second five year plan was base on which model ? (A) Solow model
(B) Domar model
(C) Robinson’s model
(D) Mahalanobis model.

16. Under which Five Year Plan’ was the decision to establish a socialistic pattern of society taken?
(A) First Five Year Plan
(B) Second Five Year Plan
(C) Third Five Year Plan
(D) Fourth Five Year Plan.

17. Planning in India, in real sense, began with the Second Five Year Plan. Who was the architect of
Indian Planning?
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru
(B) Morarji Desai
(C) C.D. Deshmukh
(D) P.C. Mahalanobis

18. Core Sector in the planning means—
(A) Agriculture
(B) Defense
(C) Iron and Steel Industry
(D) Selected Basic Industry

19. Goal of Third Five Year Plan in
India is—
(A) equal distribution of Income.
(B) self sufficiency and to decrease dependency on foreign aids.
(C) development of Backward castes
(D) increase in share of private sector.

20. The basic objective of Fifth Five Years Plan was—
(A) Poverty Removal
(B) Reforms in public distribution system
(C) Inclusive growth
(D) Exclusive growth.

21. During which Five Year Plan was the Emergency claimed, new elections took place and the Janta Party was elected?
(A) Third
(B) Fourth
(C) Fifth
(D) Sixth

22. The slogan of ‘poverty abolition was given in which Five Year Plan?
(A) Second Plan
(B) Fourth Plan
(C) Fifth Plan
(D) Sixth Plan

23. The Five Year Plan that terminated one year before the scheduled period is—
(A) Second Five Year Plan
(B) Third Five Year Plan
(C) Fourth Five Year Plan
(D) Fifth Five Year Plan

24. In which one of the year ‘Rolling Plan’ was in operation in India?
(A) 1968-69
(B) 1978-79
(C) 1988-89
(D) 1990-91

Rolling plan was introduced by Prof. Myrdal.

25. The Plan Holiday refers to the period
(A) 1955-68
(B) 1965-68
(C) 1966-69
(D) 1978-80

26. The Rolling Plan’ for backward countries was suggested by—
(A) G. Myrdal
(B) W.A. Lewis
(C) R. Nurkse
(D) A. Samuelson

28. The core slogan of Seventh Plan was—
(A) Food, work and productivity
(B) Free education for all children
(C) Five percent growth rate of national income.
(D) Community development programme.

29. Which one of the following Five Year Plans recognised human development as the core of all development efforts?
(A) The Third Five Year Plan
(B) The Fifth Five Year Plan
(C) The Sixth Five Year Plan
(D) The Eighth Five Year Plan

30. Which Five Year Plan operated in India during April 1992— March 1997?
(A) Sixth Plan
(B) Seventh Plan
(C) Eighth Plan
(D) Rolling Plan

31. Which Five Year Plan in India gave emphasis on co-operative Federalism?
(A) Ninth Five Year Plan
(B) Tenth Five Year Plan
(C) Eleventh Five Year Plan
(D) Twelfth Five Year Plan

32. In which of the following Five Year Plans the Women’s component plan was introduced as a major
(A) Tenth Five Year Plan
(B) Eleventh Five Year Plan
(C) Ninth Five Year Plan
(D) Twelfth Five Year Plan.

33. Which one of the following Five Years Plan of India focused on Growth with Social Justice and Equity’?
(A) Ninth Five Year Plan
(B) Third Five Year Plan
(C) Fourth Five Year Plan
(D) Fifth Five Year Plan.

34. National Horticulture Mission was launched in which of the following Five Year Plans?
(A) Eleventh Five Year Plan
(B) Tenth Five Year Plan
(C) Ninth Five Year Plan
(D) None of the above

35. In the Eleventh Five Year Plan, which of the following sectors accounts for maximum combined Central, State and U.T. expenditure?
(A) Transport
(B) Energy
(C) Agriculture and Rural
(D) Social Sector.

36. The core concept of the Eleventh Five Year Plan was—
(A) Human Resource Development
(B) Growth with social justice and equality
(C) Human well being
(D) Faster and more inclusive growth.

37. Inclusive growth as enunciated in the Eleventh Five Year Plan does not include one of the following
(A) Reduction of poverty
(B) Extension of employment opportunities of capital
(C) Strengthening market
(D) Reduction of gender inequality.

38. Since the start of planning in India, the total number of years not covered by any five year plans is
(B) 7
(A) 6
(D) 3
(C) 5

39. The planning process in the industrial sector in India has assumed a relatively less important
position in the nineties as compared to that in the earlier period. Which one of the following is not true in this regard?
(A) With the advent of industrial liberalisation,
investments developments have largely been placed within the domain of private and multinational sector.
(B) With markets assuming a central place, the role of central planning in many sector has been rendered redundant.
(C) The focus of planning has shifted to sectors like human, resourcee development, infrastructure, population control and welfare.
(D) The nation’s priorities have shifted away from industrial development rural to development.

40. Planning from below’ is known as—
(A) Centralised planning
(B) Decentralised planning
(C) Functional planning
(D) Structural planning.

41. In the context of India’s Five Year Plans, a shift in the pattern of Industrialisation, with lower infrastructure begins in
(A) Fourth Plan
(B) Sixth Plan
(C) Eighth Plan
(D) Tenth Plan

42. Who authored the book, Planned
Economy for India’?
(A) M. Visvesvaraya
(B) J.R.D. Tata
(C) G.D. Birla
(D) Pattabhi Sitaramayya

43. Eleventh Five Year Plan emphasised on
(A) Economic Growth Social Justice
(B) Economic Growth and Human Development
(C) Faster and more inclusive growth
(D) Faster, Sustainable and more inclusive growth.

44. In India which of the following Five Year Plans was launched with a focus on sustainable growth?
(B) 10th
(A) 9th
(D) 12th
(C) 11th